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DEMENTIA WHAT IS DEMENTIA? Dementia is a condition in which a person experiences progressive and chronic deterioration of cognitive functions, such as memory, thinking, and behavior. These changes in the brain can affect a person’s ability to remember, communicate, make decisions, and carry out daily tasks. Dementia is caused by different diseases that affect the …

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HYPERTENSION WHAT IS IT? Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of blood flowing through the arteries is too high. Blood pressure is measured in two values: systolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts to pump blood, and diastolic pressure, which …

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Alzheimer’s Disease

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE WHAT IS ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE? Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative illness that causes memory, thinking, and behavior problems. It is characterized by the gradual death of brain cells and a decrease in a person’s ability to perform simple tasks and communicate. Currently, there is no cure for this disease, but there are treatments that …

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ARTHRITIS WHAT IS ARTHRITIS? Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that affects joint function and causes pain, inflammation, stiffness, and limited movement. Symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on the type of arthritis. The two main types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The first occurs when the cartilage that covers the ends …

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TRACHEOTOMY TRACHEOTOMY, WHAT IS IT? Tracheotomy is a medical procedure in which a cut is made in the trachea, which is the tube that carries air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. Tracheotomy is often performed in emergency situations, such as when a person has an obstruction in their airways or needs assisted …

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Cerebral Paralysis

CEREBRAL SPASTIC PARALYSIS DEFINITION Cerebral palralysis is characterised by an injury to the immature brain (before the age of two) that causes movement problems in the limbs. In some cases, deformities of the limbs may occur due to weakened muscles. Children with cerebral palsy may have impaired cue sensitivity and, in severe cases, impaired cognitive …

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