PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS

DEFINITION

Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the joints and skin. Psoriasis is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of red, scaly, and flaky plaques, and psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects people with psoriasis.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis include pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, particularly in the knees, fingers, and toes. Inflammatory nodules may also appear on tendons and bones, and difficulty moving the affected joints.

CAUSES

The causes of psoriatic arthritis are not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some studies suggest that an abnormal response of the immune system may trigger the disease.

TREATMENT

Treatment for psoriatic arthritis focuses on relieving pain and inflammation and preventing joint deformity. Commonly used drugs to treat psoriatic arthritis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), methotrexate, cyclosporine, and biologic drugs. Physical therapy and exercise are also recommended to improve mobility and muscle strength.

In summary, psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the joints and skin and related to psoriasis. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, and treatment focuses on relieving pain and inflammation and preventing joint deformity. It is important for people experiencing these symptoms to consult a specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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