Thumb arthritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the thumb joint. It can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty in moving the thumb. It is more common in women and typically develops after the age of 40.
The exact cause of thumb arthritis is unknown, but some risk factors include advanced age, female sex, family history of arthritis, and previous injuries to the thumb.
The symptoms of thumb arthritis include pain and stiffness at the base of the thumb, especially when gripping or holding something, difficulty in moving the thumb and swelling in the thumb joint. In some cases, there may also be deformity in the joint.
Treatment for thumb arthritis may include the use of over-the-counter or prescribed pain relievers, physical therapy to improve thumb mobility, and exercises to strengthen the muscles around the thumb joint. Steroid injections may also be recommended to reduce inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the thumb joint.
It is important to treat thumb arthritis early to prevent joint degeneration and maintain thumb mobility. If you experience pain or difficulty moving your thumb, consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.